Quercus suber, common name cork oak, is a medium-sized, evergreen oak tree reaching an average height of 10 to 15 m or in rare cases up to 25 m and a trunk diameter of 0.5 to 1 m, native to southwest Europe and northwest Africa. In the Mediterranean basin the tree is an ancient species with fossil remnants dating back to the Tertiary period. It forms a dense and asymmetrical crown. The young twigs are densely hairy light gray or whitish. Older branches are strong and knotty. The thick, longitudinally cracked cork layers of the gray-brown trunk bark are characteristic of the cork oak. The leathery leaves are alternate and are 2.5 to 10 cm long and 1.2 to 6.5 cm wide. The shape varies between round, oval and lanceolate-oval. The leaf blade has five to seven sharp teeth on both edges. The upper side of the leaf is light green, the underside of the leaf whitish and densely hairy. The leaf stalks are 0.6 to 1.8 cm long and are also hairy. The cork oak is single sexed (monoecious), there are both female and male flowers on one specimen. The female flowers form upright inflorescences in the leaf axils of young branches. The male catkins also arise on the leaf axils of young branches. Red and upright at first, older catkins are yellow and pendulous, 4 to 7 cm long. The fruit clusters are 0.5 to 4 m long and carry two to eight acorns.
134.00 Location D8 Latitude; -38.402575012081 Longitude;146.054466692608